The Brewery District
The Brewery District is a Columbus, Ohio, neighborhood located just south of the central business district near German Village. The area has a history stretching nearly 200 years. It is bounded by Interstate 70 on the north, South Pearl Street on the east, Greenlawn Avenue on the south, and the Scioto River on the west.
In the early 1800s, immigrants settled on pastures and farmlands in the area known as South Columbus. Utilizing their skills as stone masons, brewers, and other trades, these immigrants established a community that would eventually be known as German Village and the Brewery District.
The first brewery, City Brewery, was opened by German immigrant Louis Hoster in 1836. Over the next three decades, five more breweries would locate in the area, including the Schlee Bavarian (1849) and Capitol Breweries (1859). At the height of its success, there were five breweries located in the area.
Homes of the working class developed immediately around the breweries and their industries that dominated the riverfront. As the transportation network permitted, the wealthier households moved farther south, away from the city and its industries. Initially, the homes resembled the working class homes left in Germany: brick, 1-1/2 stories, with gables facing the street. Later, the Italianate style became a very popular form of architecture for housing, commercial establishments, and industrial buildings. Excellent examples remain in the Brewery District displaying carved stone lintels, rectangular or round arched windows and doors, bracketed cornices, hood moldings.
As the years passed, consolidation of the breweries took place. However, the market went south when in 1919 the 18th Amendment (Prohibition) was approved. The area then became home to industry and warehouses.
In recent years, large scale redevelopment has taken (and is taking) place with the construction of upscale lofts and apartments, a theater, a winery, restaurants, bars, a grocery store, art gallery and more coming to the area joining businesses and tenants that have been in the area for years.
The District is now one of the most sought after neighborhoods to live, work and play in Columbus.